The first of the 17 Sustainable Development Goals aims to ‘End poverty in all its forms everywhere’ by 2030.

In 1990, an estimated two billion people (36% of the global population) lived in extreme poverty. This means living on less than $1.90 a day. Thanks to the implementation of the MDGS and other initiatives, this number was reduced by almost half by 2010, to around 1.1 billion people. In the following years, the number continued to decrease, and by 2019, it had dropped to 631 million people (8,2% of the population).

A decrease of almost 28 % in 29 years; we were on the right track.

But then Covid 19 came along. Unfortunately, because of this global pandemic, poverty rates rose for the first time in decades, and over four years of progress were undone.

The aftermath of the pandemic, the global inflation and the impacts of the war in Ukraine complicate things even further. If we want to achieve this SDG by 2030, we will surely have our work cut out for us in the years to come.


1.1 By 2030, eradicate extreme poverty for all people everywhere, currently measured as people living on less than $1.25 a day

1.2 By 2030, reduce at least by half the proportion of men, women and children of all ages living in poverty in all its dimensions according to national definitions

1.3 Implement nationally appropriate social protection systems and measures for all, including floors, and by 2030 achieve substantial coverage of the poor and the vulnerable

1.4 By 2030, ensure that all men and women, in particular the poor and the vulnerable, have equal rights to economic resources, as well as access to basic services, ownership and control over land and other forms of property, inheritance, natural resources, appropriate new technology and financial services, including microfinance

1.5 By 2030, build the resilience of the poor and those in vulnerable situations and reduce their exposure and vulnerability to climate-related extreme events and other economic, social and environmental shocks and disasters

1.a Ensure significant mobilization of resources from a variety of sources, including through enhanced development cooperation, in order to provide adequate and predictable means for developing countries, in particular least developed countries, to implement programmes and policies to end poverty in all its dimensions

1.b Create sound policy frameworks at the national, regional and international levels, based on pro-poor and gender-sensitive development strategies, to support accelerated investment in poverty eradication actions