The tenth goal is to ‘reduce inequality within and among countries’.

In 2021, 311 out of 100.000 people worldwide were refugees, and this number continues to rise due to the war in Ukraine, other conflicts, human rights violations and persecution.

Every day, people are risking their lives to escape these situations and to find a safe haven. Tragically, many don’t make it to their destination: last year alone, 5895 people lost their lives on migratory routes. And even if they do make it, they usually do not receive a very warm welcome.

Discrimination based on origin, ethnicity, religion, gender, age, disability, or economic status needs to be eliminated if we want to achieve true equality, which is necessary to a prosperous and thriving society.

TARGETS

10.1 By 2030, progressively achieve and sustain income growth of the bottom 40 per cent of the population at a rate higher than the national average

10.2 By 2030, empower and promote the social, economic and political inclusion of all, irrespective of age, sex, disability, race, ethnicity, origin, religion or economic or other status

10.3 Ensure equal opportunity and reduce inequalities of outcome, including by eliminating discriminatory laws, policies and practices and promoting appropriate legislation, policies and action in this regard

10.4 Adopt policies, especially fiscal, wage and social protection policies, and progressively achieve greater equality

10.5 Improve the regulation and monitoring of global financial markets and institutions and strengthen the implementation of such regulations

10.6 Ensure enhanced representation and voice for developing countries in decision-making in global international economic and financial institutions in order to deliver more effective, credible, accountable and legitimate institutions

10.7 Facilitate orderly, safe, regular and responsible migration and mobility of people, including through the implementation of planned and well-managed migration policies

10.a Implement the principle of special and differential treatment for developing countries, in particular least developed countries, in accordance with World Trade Organization agreements

10.b Encourage official development assistance and financial flows, including foreign direct investment, to States where the need is greatest, in particular least developed countries, African countries, small island developing States and landlocked developing countries, in accordance with their national plans and programmes

10.c By 2030, reduce to less than 3 per cent the transaction costs of migrant remittances and eliminate remittance corridors with costs higher than 5 per cent